NBC News

NBC News 30 Dec 2019

The Biggest Science And Tech Stories Of 2019

Description:

2019 was a major year for science and technology with big stories about climate change, space and privacy. NBC News' Jake Ward walks us through the technological advancements this year.


The number of people with coronavirus is growing. More than 450.000 people have been infected, worldwide, and more than 20.000 have died.

To try to stop the spread of the virus, countries are taking tough measures. In India, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi ordered a lockdown of 1.3 billion people, police are punishing those who disobey.

In Spain, the number of deaths surpassed 3400, making it the country with the second highest death toll, behind Italy. Spain has confirmed more than 47 thousand cases, and the government expects this number to climb in the next few days.

In the United Kingdom, Prince Charles, the next in line for the throne, tested positive for coronavirus. He is self-isolated and in good health and good spirits, according to a Buckingham Palace spokesman.

In Brazil, President Jair Bolsonaro is under fire after making an address to the nation minimizing the pandemic and urging Brazilians to get back to work.

And here in the United States, the Senate agreed to a two trillion dollars stimulus package. The money will help fight the coronavirus and also support businesses suffering from the economic slowdown.

To discuss all of this:

Lisa Kennedy is the Managing Principal and Chief Economist with Innopiphany.
John Sitilides is a global risk analyst and US government affairs consultant.
Calvin D. Sun is an Attending Physician and Clinical Assistant Professor in Emergency Medicine.
Devra Davis is an Epidemiologist who advises governments and policymakers.
Chris Hayes breaks down the good and the bad of the coronavirus latest: "I find myself mentally putting things into two buckets: The good news, and the bad news." Aired on 3/26/20.
#MSNBC #AllIn #ChrisHayes #Coronavirus
What does the future hold for the Venice carnival? Rachelle Akuffo spoke with Dimitrios Buhalis, Director of the eTourism Lab, and Deputy Director of the International Centre for Tourism and Hospitality Research at Bournemouth University about the impact of flooding as well as COVID-19 fears.
Harnessing entangled photons to image fragile samples, such as living cells

With support from the National Science Foundation, this University of Michigan team has built a new laser-based instrument called a quantum entanglement microscope. They're using entangled photons in microscopy, research that was virtually impossible only a decade ago. The microscope generates high resolution images with low intensity beams, enabling the team to image delicate samples, such as living cells, without damaging them. Quantum entangled microscopy is an example of how quantum research is opening the door to advances in all the sciences. The research in this episode was supported by these NSF grants: #1607949 "Entangled Photon Imaging and Microscopy for Chemical and Biological Investigations" and #1836374 "QLC: EAGER: Collaborative Research: Developing Experiment and Theory for Entangled Photon Spectroscopy."

… show captions ↓
STORIES ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE, SPACE AND PRIVACY.
SPACE AND PRIVACY. JAKE WARD HAS THE HIGHLIGHTS.
JAKE WARD HAS THE HIGHLIGHTS. >> FOR ME, MAYBE 2019 WAS
>> FOR ME, MAYBE 2019 WAS SUMMARIZED BY NO EVENT BETTER
SUMMARIZED BY NO EVENT BETTER THAN THE BACK HOLE THAT THE
THAN THE BACK HOLE THAT THE EVENT HORIZON TELESCOPE SYSTEM
EVENT HORIZON TELESCOPE SYSTEM MANAGED TO ACTUALLY TAKE A
MANAGED TO ACTUALLY TAKE A PICTURE OF.
PICTURE OF. NOW, THIS IS SUCH A MIND-BLOWING
NOW, THIS IS SUCH A MIND-BLOWING THING TO SOMEBODY LIKE ME
THING TO SOMEBODY LIKE ME BECAUSE EINSTEIN, WHO BASICALLY
BECAUSE EINSTEIN, WHO BASICALLY PREDICTED THE KPIS TOENSEXISTENC
PREDICTED THE KPIS TOENSEXISTENC HOLES, SAID AT THE SAME TIME HE
HOLES, SAID AT THE SAME TIME HE WAS UNCOMFORTABLE WITH THE
WAS UNCOMFORTABLE WITH THE NOTION OF THEM.
NOTION OF THEM. IFOUT
IFOUT IF YOU’D SHOWN HIM A PHOTOGRAPH
IF YOU’D SHOWN HIM A PHOTOGRAPH OF THIS, HE WOULD HAVE FALLEN
OF THIS, HE WOULD HAVE FALLEN OVER.
OVER. THIS NETWORK OF TELESCOPES
THIS NETWORK OF TELESCOPES BASICALLY MANAGES TO TAKE A
BASICALLY MANAGES TO TAKE A PICTURE OF SOMETHING IN THE
PICTURE OF SOMETHING IN THE CENTER OF THE GALAXY, M-87,
CENTER OF THE GALAXY, M-87, WHICH IS 55 MILLION LIGHT YEARS
WHICH IS 55 MILLION LIGHT YEARS AWAY.
AWAY. AND THE BLACK IN THE CENTER IS
AND THE BLACK IN THE CENTER IS THE BLACK HOLE, SOMETHING SO
THE BLACK HOLE, SOMETHING SO POWERFUL NOT EVEN LIGHT CAN
POWERFUL NOT EVEN LIGHT CAN ESCAPE FROM IT.
ESCAPE FROM IT. THE RING OF IT THERE IS
THE RING OF IT THERE IS BASICALLY EJECTING THIS JET OF
BASICALLY EJECTING THIS JET OF PARTICLES, ABOUT 1,000 LIGHT
PARTICLES, ABOUT 1,000 LIGHT YEARS OUT INTO SPACE.
YEARS OUT INTO SPACE. WE GOT A PICTURE OF ALL OF THAT.
WE GOT A PICTURE OF ALL OF THAT. THEN, OF COURSE, IN TRUE 2019
THEN, OF COURSE, IN TRUE 2019 FASHION BY THE NEXT DAY, WE HAD
FASHION BY THE NEXT DAY, WE HAD RUINED THE WHOLE THING BECAUSE A
RUINED THE WHOLE THING BECAUSE A PICTURE OF ONE OF THE
PICTURE OF ONE OF THE RESEARCHERS WHO HELPED TO MAKE
RESEARCHERS WHO HELPED TO MAKE IT POSSIBLE, WOMAN NAMED KATIE
IT POSSIBLE, WOMAN NAMED KATIE BOWMAN, WHO BASICALLY CREATED
BOWMAN, WHO BASICALLY CREATED PART OF THE ALGORITHM THAT DID
PART OF THE ALGORITHM THAT DID THE IMAGING, A PICTURE OF HER
THE IMAGING, A PICTURE OF HER GOT OUT AND WENT VIRAL OF HER,
GOT OUT AND WENT VIRAL OF HER, YOU KNOW, BEING AS EXCITED AS
YOU KNOW, BEING AS EXCITED AS ANY RESEARCHER WOULD BE THAT HER
ANY RESEARCHER WOULD BE THAT HER WORK HAD, YOU KNOW, WORKED.
WORK HAD, YOU KNOW, WORKED. AND SUDDENLY, INTERNET TROLLS
AND SUDDENLY, INTERNET TROLLS COME OUT OF THE WOODWORK SAY,
COME OUT OF THE WOODWORK SAY, THEY CAN’T BE HER, SHE’S A GIRL,
THEY CAN’T BE HER, SHE’S A GIRL, SHE’S GETTING UNDUE CREDIT.
SHE’S GETTING UNDUE CREDIT. I MEAN, TERRIBLE, TERRIBLE
I MEAN, TERRIBLE, TERRIBLE STUFF.
STUFF. AND SO THE IDEA THAT WE HAVE
AND SO THE IDEA THAT WE HAVE THIS INCREDIBLE MOMENT OF HUMAN
THIS INCREDIBLE MOMENT OF HUMAN CHOREOGRAPHY AND INNOVATION AND
CHOREOGRAPHY AND INNOVATION AND THIS INCREDIBLE MOMENT OF HUMAN
THIS INCREDIBLE MOMENT OF HUMAN BIAS SMASHED TOGETHER, FOR ME,
BIAS SMASHED TOGETHER, FOR ME, THAT IS 2019 IN A NUTSHELL.
THAT IS 2019 IN A NUTSHELL. NOW, OF COURSE, HERE ON EARTH
NOW, OF COURSE, HERE ON EARTH THERE WAS A LOT GOING ON.
THERE WAS A LOT GOING ON. THERE WAS A STEADY, DISMAL TIDE
THERE WAS A STEADY, DISMAL TIDE OF BAD NEWS AROUND CLIMATE.
OF BAD NEWS AROUND CLIMATE. I MEAN, THE UNITED NATIONS
I MEAN, THE UNITED NATIONS BASICALLY SAID THAT THEY FOUND
BASICALLY SAID THAT THEY FOUND THAT ONE IN EIGHT PLANT AND
THAT ONE IN EIGHT PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES WERE FACING
ANIMAL SPECIES WERE FACING ACCELERATED EXTINCTION.
ACCELERATED EXTINCTION. WE ONLY HAVE ABOUT 8 MILLION
WE ONLY HAVE ABOUT 8 MILLION SPECIES ON EARTH.
SPECIES ON EARTH. 1 MILLION OF THEM SEEM TO HAVE
1 MILLION OF THEM SEEM TO HAVE SOME SORT OF ACCELERATED
SOME SORT OF ACCELERATED EXTINCTION COMING.
EXTINCTION COMING. BAD, BAD NEWS THERE.
BAD, BAD NEWS THERE. A BIG STUDY OUT OF CORNELL, 2.9
A BIG STUDY OUT OF CORNELL, 2.9 BILLION WORDS IN THE UNITED
BILLION WORDS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA HAD GONE DEAD
STATES AND CANADA HAD GONE DEAD SINCE 1970.
SINCE 1970. OUT OF THAT, OF COURSE, WE ALSO
OUT OF THAT, OF COURSE, WE ALSO GOT UNLIKELY HEROES.
GOT UNLIKELY HEROES. GRETA THUNEBURG WHO BASICALLY E
GRETA THUNEBURG WHO BASICALLY E ESHOOED, SHE WOULDN’T GET ON AN
ESHOOED, SHE WOULDN’T GET ON AN AIRPLANE.
AIRPLANE. TOOK A BOAT.
TOOK A BOAT. INSPIRED US ALL AS A TEENAGER.
INSPIRED US ALL AS A TEENAGER. OUT IN SPACE, HUMANITY HAS
OUT IN SPACE, HUMANITY HAS INCREDIBLE SUCCESSES THIS YEAR.
INCREDIBLE SUCCESSES THIS YEAR. THE JAPANESE PUT A LANDER CALLED
THE JAPANESE PUT A LANDER CALLED HAYABUSA 2 OUT INTO SPACE TO GO
HAYABUSA 2 OUT INTO SPACE TO GO VISIT AN ASTEROID CALLED RYUGU
VISIT AN ASTEROID CALLED RYUGU AND MANAGED TO DO THIS
AND MANAGED TO DO THIS INCREDIBLE THING, BASICALLY GOT
INCREDIBLE THING, BASICALLY GOT UP CLOSE TO IT, SHOT A BULLET AT
UP CLOSE TO IT, SHOT A BULLET AT THE SURFACE OF THIS ASTEROID AND
THE SURFACE OF THIS ASTEROID AND THEN CAUGHT THE PIECES THAT WERE
THEN CAUGHT THE PIECES THAT WERE EJECTED OFF THE ASTEROID IN
EJECTED OFF THE ASTEROID IN RESPONSE.
RESPONSE. I MEAN, THIS INCREDIBLE FEAT OF
I MEAN, THIS INCREDIBLE FEAT OF COORDINATION.
COORDINATION. RIGHT?
RIGHT? AND THIS TIME NEXT YEAR, THOSE
AND THIS TIME NEXT YEAR, THOSE SAMPLES ARE GOING TO RETURN TO
SAMPLES ARE GOING TO RETURN TO EARTH SO WE CAN STUDY THEM HERE.
EARTH SO WE CAN STUDY THEM HERE. THE FIRST TIME ANYONE’S BEEN
THE FIRST TIME ANYONE’S BEEN ABLE TO DO THAT.
ABLE TO DO THAT. INDIA, ISRAEL, ALL THESE
INDIA, ISRAEL, ALL THESE DIFFERENT COUNTRIES BEGAN TO TRY
DIFFERENT COUNTRIES BEGAN TO TRY TO PUT THINGS ON THE MOON.
TO PUT THINGS ON THE MOON. INDIA, IN FACT, TRIED TO ATTEMPT
INDIA, IN FACT, TRIED TO ATTEMPT TO BE THE FOURTH COUNTRY TO GET
TO BE THE FOURTH COUNTRY TO GET SOMETHING ON THE MOON WITH A
SOMETHING ON THE MOON WITH A LANDER.
LANDER. OF COURSE, IT DIDN’T WORK OUT,
OF COURSE, IT DIDN’T WORK OUT, BUT FOR ME, JUST SEEING THAT,
BUT FOR ME, JUST SEEING THAT, YOU KNOW, COUNTRIES WHICH 50
YOU KNOW, COUNTRIES WHICH 50 YEARS AGO COULDN’T HAVE IMAGINED
YEARS AGO COULDN’T HAVE IMAGINED HAVING A SPACE PROGRAM ARE
HAVING A SPACE PROGRAM ARE SUDDENLY NOW LAUNCHING THEIR OWN
SUDDENLY NOW LAUNCHING THEIR OWN VEHICLES INTO SPACE, AMAZING.
VEHICLES INTO SPACE, AMAZING. AND SPEAKING OF AMAZING, SPACEX
AND SPEAKING OF AMAZING, SPACEX HAD THIS EXTRAORDINARY THING
HAD THIS EXTRAORDINARY THING THAT EVERYBODY I THINK CAN
THAT EVERYBODY I THINK CAN APPRECIATE, BUT, YOU KNOW, A FEW
APPRECIATE, BUT, YOU KNOW, A FEW YEARS AGO THEY’VE BEEN TALKING
YEARS AGO THEY’VE BEEN TALKING ABOUT THE POTENTIAL FOR REUSING
ABOUT THE POTENTIAL FOR REUSING THE ROCKETS.
THE ROCKETS. BASICALLY, BRINGING THEM DOWN
BASICALLY, BRINGING THEM DOWN AND STANDING THEM UPRIGHT LIKE A
AND STANDING THEM UPRIGHT LIKE A BUILDING ONCE THEY HAD USED THEM
BUILDING ONCE THEY HAD USED THEM UP IN SPACE.
UP IN SPACE. USED TO BE WE’D THROW THEM AWAY,
USED TO BE WE’D THROW THEM AWAY, THEY’D LAND IN THE OCEAN, WE’D
THEY’D LAND IN THE OCEAN, WE’D START OVER AGAIN.
START OVER AGAIN. IN THIS CASE, THEY’D LITERALLY
IN THIS CASE, THEY’D LITERALLY BRING THEM DOWN LIKE THEY’RE
BRING THEM DOWN LIKE THEY’RE BALANCING A PENCIL ON YOUR
BALANCING A PENCIL ON YOUR FINGER, CAN NOW REGULARLY LAND
FINGER, CAN NOW REGULARLY LAND IT ON EITHER A TRAY IN THE OCEAN
IT ON EITHER A TRAY IN THE OCEAN OR SOMEWHERE ON EARTH AND MANAGE
OR SOMEWHERE ON EARTH AND MANAGE TO PUT THEM BACK INTO SPACE IN A
TO PUT THEM BACK INTO SPACE IN A FEW WEEKS’ TIME.
FEW WEEKS’ TIME. INCREDIBLE.
INCREDIBLE. IN PRIVACY NEWS, WE SAW ALL
IN PRIVACY NEWS, WE SAW ALL KINDS OF TROUBLE THERE.
KINDS OF TROUBLE THERE. I MEAN, COUPLE OF YEARS AGO YOU
I MEAN, COUPLE OF YEARS AGO YOU MIGHT HAVE JUST SORT OF, YOU
MIGHT HAVE JUST SORT OF, YOU KNOW, GIVEN YOUR GENETIC
KNOW, GIVEN YOUR GENETIC INFORMATION OVER TO A GENEALOGY
INFORMATION OVER TO A GENEALOGY SITE CALLED GEDMATCH OR ANY OF A
SITE CALLED GEDMATCH OR ANY OF A NUMBER OF THESE GENEALOGY SITES
NUMBER OF THESE GENEALOGY SITES TO FIND LOST RELATIVES AND SO
TO FIND LOST RELATIVES AND SO FORTH.
FORTH. WELL, THIS YEAR GEDMATCH GOT
WELL, THIS YEAR GEDMATCH GOT PURCHASED BY A COMPANY CALLED
PURCHASED BY A COMPANY CALLED VEROGEN, A GENETIC FORENSICS
VEROGEN, A GENETIC FORENSICS FIRM SPECIFICALLY MAKING THAT
FIRM SPECIFICALLY MAKING THAT DATABASE A FAVORED TOOL OF LAW
DATABASE A FAVORED TOOL OF LAW ENFORCEMENT.
ENFORCEMENT. IN FACT, THAT’S HOW JOSEPH JAMES
IN FACT, THAT’S HOW JOSEPH JAMES DeANGELO, THE GOLDEN STATE
DeANGELO, THE GOLDEN STATE KILLER, WAS IDENTIFIED THROUGH
KILLER, WAS IDENTIFIED THROUGH THESE KINDS OF SYSTEMS AND
THESE KINDS OF SYSTEMS AND REMINDS ME THAT THE PRIVACY
REMINDS ME THAT THE PRIVACY POLICIES WE ARE FINEDING TODAY
POLICIES WE ARE FINEDING TODAY CANNOT POSSIBLY ANTICIPATE WHAT
CANNOT POSSIBLY ANTICIPATE WHAT MIGHT BE COMING UP NEXT
MIGHT BE COMING UP NEXT ESPECIALLY IN A WORLD OF DATA
ESPECIALLY IN A WORLD OF DATA BREACHES.
BREACHES. RIGHT?
RIGHT? YOU SAW CAPITALONE USE 100
YOU SAW CAPITALONE USE 100 MILLION CUSTOMERS WORTH OF DATA,
MILLION CUSTOMERS WORTH OF DATA, SAW TOYOTA LOSE BIG DATABASES IN
SAW TOYOTA LOSE BIG DATABASES IN JAPAN, VIETNAM, AND THAILAND.
JAPAN, VIETNAM, AND THAILAND. YOU KNOW, YOU SAW BREACHES AT
YOU KNOW, YOU SAW BREACHES AT FACEBOOK.
FACEBOOK. IT JUST GOES ON AND ON.
IT JUST GOES ON AND ON. WE SAW IT ALL AGAINST THE
WE SAW IT ALL AGAINST THE BACKDROP OF THIS KIND OF
BACKDROP OF THIS KIND OF NATIONAL ALLERGIC REACTION TO
NATIONAL ALLERGIC REACTION TO SURVEILLANCE WHICH WE REALIZE
SURVEILLANCE WHICH WE REALIZE NOW IS GOING ON ALL THE TIME VIA
NOW IS GOING ON ALL THE TIME VIA FACIAL RECOGNITION, PHONE
FACIAL RECOGNITION, PHONE LOCATION.
LOCATION. YOU KNOW, FOR ME, THE CALIFORNIA
YOU KNOW, FOR ME, THE CALIFORNIA CONSUMER PRIVACY ACT IS THE ONE
CONSUMER PRIVACY ACT IS THE ONE SORT OF, YOU KNOW, HAPPY THING
SORT OF, YOU KNOW, HAPPY THING COMING OUT OF THIS.
COMING OUT OF THIS. IT’S GOING TO TAKE EFFECT ON
IT’S GOING TO TAKE EFFECT ON JANUARY 1st AND WILL, IN FACT,
JANUARY 1st AND WILL, IN FACT, BE THE FIRST SORT OF NATIONAL
BE THE FIRST SORT OF NATIONAL STYLE REGULATION OF ALL THE

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