United Nations

United Nations 11 Feb 2020

Int'l Day of Women and Girls in Science - UN Chief


Video message by H.E. Mr. António Guterres, United Nations Secretary-General, on the International Day of Women and Girls in Science (11 February 2020)

Science is a collaborative discipline.
Yet science is being held back by a gender gap.
Girls and boys perform equally well in science and mathematics - but only a
fraction of female students in higher education choose to study sciences.
To rise to the challenges of the 21st century, we need to harness our full
That requires dismantling gender stereotypes.
It means supporting the careers of women scientists and researchers.
The Women's Empowerment Principles, developed by UN Women, offer
guidance for companies and others.
In this year in which we mark the 25th anniversary of the Beijing
Declaration and Platform for Action, let us bring new urgency to promoting
women's and girls' access to science education, training and jobs.
On this International Day of Women and Girls in Science, let's pledge to
end the gender imbalance in science.

Video message by António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations, on the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust (27 January 2020).
New data from the Labor Department shows that last month, women held just over 50 percent of jobs in the U.S. - surpassing men by 109,000. The last time there were more women than men on U.S. payrolls was in the mid-2010s. Courtenay Brown, a markets reporter for Axios, joined CBSN to discuss what this means for the economy.
SpaceX rocket, Falcon 9, took-off and then exploded in the sky in a mock emergency landing to test a key abort system on an unmanned astronaut capsule, the company's final milestone test before flying NASA astronauts from U.S. soil, Sunday, January 19.

A Crew Dragon astronaut capsule carrying two test dummies splashed down about 32 km off the coast of Cape Canaveral in Florida after ejecting itself from a rocket that cut off its engines 19 km above the ocean to mimic a launch failure.

Moments before the launch, Musk wrote on Twitter that it was a risky mission that was "pushing the envelope in so many ways."

The Crew Dragon capsule, an acorn-shaped pod that can seat seven astronauts, fired thrusters to detach itself from a Falcon 9 rocket less than two minutes after liftoff, simulating an emergency abort scenario to prove it can return astronauts to safety. Each stage of the test prompted loud cheers from SpaceX crew members watching the footage from back on land.

The test is crucial to qualify the capsule to fly humans to the International Space Station, something the National Aeronautics and Space Administration expects to come as soon as mid-2020. It follows years of development and delays as the United States has sought to revive its human spaceflight program through private partnerships.

NASA awarded $4.2 billion to Boeing and $2.5 billion to SpaceX in 2014 to develop separate capsule systems capable of ferrying astronauts to the space station from U.S. soil for the first time since NASA's space shuttle program ended in 2011. The space agency has since relied on Russian spacecraft for rides to the space station.

During the test the Falcon 9 rocket's boosters shut down in a mock failure that triggered Crew Dragon's so-called SuperDraco thrusters to jet itself away at supersonic speeds of up to 2,400 kph.

The capsule deployed four parachutes to slow its descent to the water, and carried two human-shaped test dummies on seats fitted with motion sensors to collect data on the immense g-force - the effect of acceleration on the body - astronauts would be subjected to during abort.

The test was originally scheduled for mid-2019 but was delayed after a Crew Dragon capsule exploded in April on a test stand just before firing its launch abort thrusters, triggering a lengthy investigation.

SpaceX-led investigators in July zeroed in on a previously unknown explosive reaction between a titanium valve and a propellant used to ignite the thrusters. A SpaceX official said the company completed the investigation within the last week.

Thousands of people gathered in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside Friday afternoon for the 29th annual Women's Memorial March for missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls.

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