Countries across Europe are imposing tighter restrictions in the hope of slowing the spread of the coronavirus - as cases continue to rise. France has recorded a new high of 32 thousand cases in a single day. Authorities have brought in a curfew in major cities requiring all public spaces to be shut by 9pm. But not everyone has welcomed the new rules.
And in Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel has warned of difficult months ahead, with almost 8,000 new infections recorded in the past day, which is the highest figure since the start of the pandemic. The chancellor has appealed to Germans to work together and urged them to stay at home as much as possible.
Italy is set to announce tough new national restrictions as it battles its own surge in cases. The government has already twice tightened the rules in the last 10 days - including making masks mandatory outside the home. The aim is to avoid another full lockdown to limit the damage to the economy.
New coronavirus laws in the United Kingdom limit gatherings to just six people.
That is after the UK saw a spike in cases caused primarily by people in their teens and twenties.
There is growing concern about whether the people will follow the new restrictions.
Al Jazeera's Laurence Lee reports from Manchester. Toronto, Ottawa, and Peel Region are moving to modified Stage 2 restrictions for at least 28 days amid 939 new cases of COVID-19. The new measures are set to begin at midnight and include prohibiting indoor dining at restaurants and bars, and closing gyms, movie theatres and casinos.
»» Dr. Peter Lin talks about how to celebrate thanksgiving and other holidays during a second wave and the new restrictions imposed to help slow the spread of COVID-19.
»» In Germany, rapidly rising coronavirus infections have prompted action from the authorities. The capital Berlin has joined Frankfurt and Cologne on the list of cities where new cases have exceeded a key measure. Bars and restaurants have to close early, but there's some doubt about whether the new restrictions will be enough to stop the spike.
France is struggling to contain a drastic rise in coronavirus cases. Officials reported a record 20,000 infections on Friday alone. The government imposed one of Europe's strictest lockdowns back in the spring and has stepped up its testing program. But despite these efforts, they weren't able to stop the onset of a second wave.
Confirmed coronavirus cases in India are nearing 7 million, but there are hopes the rate of new infections is slowing.
Authorities are warning that Europe's second wave of infections has struck well before the flu season has even started. They point to widespread "COVID-19 fatigue" among populations.
And everywhere in Poland, it has now become compulsory for people to wear a mask outdoors. Infections have also hit a new record high.